7315274972_85ed199970_zThough most people know vitamins are good for you, they know very little about vitamin deficiency. A deficiency in vitamins is something that appears gradually over time. The symptoms are subtle at first, but slowly become more intense as the deficiency becomes worse. If this happens, you can become anemic. The vitamins and nutrients we need to stay healthy can be found in many foods we eat. For that reason, it is important to have a healthy diet.

The causes and symptoms of various vitamins have different effects on the body. Here are a few of the most common deficiencies, why people suffer from the deficiency in that vitamin, and the symptoms:

• Vitamin A This can also be known as retinal deficiency. The main cause is an unhealthy diet. It can sometimes be caused when the small intestine has an inability to absorb the nutrients properly. The symptoms include dry eyes, night blindness, spots in the inner eyelids, loss of taste, and poor wound healing. If untreated, it can cause cornea problems and even blindness. You can obtain vitamin A by eating eggs, milk, cod, halibut, liver, vegetables, kidney beans, apricots, broccoli, carrots, and dark green vegetables.

• Vitamin B Vitamin B1 or thiamin deficiency is also caused by an unhealthy diet with lack of protein. Vitamin B1 deficiency symptoms include lack of appetite, numbness, or tingling, and muscle cramps. You can obtain Vitamin B1 by eating pork, beef liver, beef kidney, brewer’s yeast, wheat germ, salmon, kidney beans, whole wheat, and soy.

An unhealthy diet is also the cause of B2 deficiency or riboflavin deficiency. Strict vegetarians and/or alcoholics are more at risk for this deficiency. The symptoms include weakness, dandruff, inflamed tongue/mouth, and ulcers in the mouth. B2 can be obtained by eating fish, dairy products, whole grains, cereals, animal organs, and dark green vegetables.

Pyridoxine deficiency or vitamin B6 deficiency can be caused by healthy diet. Suffering from certain diseases or alcoholism can make you more susceptible to vitamin B6 deficiency. The symptoms include sore tongue/mouth, irritability, and weakness. It can be found in eggs, avocados, brewer’s yeast, bananas, soybeans, walnuts, and whole grains.

The lack of intake of animal products can cause vegans to suffer from vitamin B12 deficiency. It can also occur in those individuals who experience an inability to absorb nutrients in the small intestine. The symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency include an inflamed tongue, diarrhea, poor appetite, numbness/tingling in the extremities, and low blood count. It can be obtained naturally through eggs, meats, dairy products, and fish.

• Vitamin C Those diagnosed with scurvy usually suffer from vitamin C deficiency or ascorbic acid deficiency. This lack of healthy diet can cause weak blood vessels, weak sin, and poor wound healing. The main symptoms are weakness and tiredness. They can also include hardened areas of skin, hair follicle bleeding, gum bleeding, and easy bruising. Fresh fruits and vegetables, especially citrus fruits, give a good dose of vitamin C.

• Vitamin D Vitamin D deficiency can cause your bones to become brittle, misshapen, or thin. The average adult doesn’t get the recommended amount of vitamin D through diet, but can make up for it in exposure to sunlight. You can find vitamin D in fortified foods such as milk, yogurt, and fatty fish such as salmon, trout, tuna and halibut.

Many people with thyroid conditions are deficient in one or more vitamin or nutrients such as zinc or manganese. Supplementation is generally required to correct the deficiency, but it is important to determine the cause.