Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies Common in Thyroid Disorders

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Vitamin and mineral deficiencies aren’t uncommon for those who suffer from thyroid and autoimmune thyroid conditions. Here are a few of them and their role in optimal thyroid health:

• Vitamin A — It helps to maintain the health of the epithelial tissues, aids in immune system function, vision, and other sources. Beta-carotene is a common supplement, but not everyone can convert it into vitamin A. Since thyroid health is important in this converting process, many with thyroid problems can suffer from vitamin A deficiency. If so, you should supplement totally through foods rich in vitamin A.

• Vitamin D — It is imperative for immune system health, the uptake of TSH and cell growth. Vitamin D deficiency is common for those with autoimmune thyroid disease. It has been associated with the presence of anti-thyroid antibodies and abnormal thyroid function tests. Sunlight is the optimal source. You can also take vitamin D supplements.

• Iron — It is required for the synthesis of thyroid hormone. Low iron levels can impair thyroid hormone synthesis. It has an important part in the delivery of oxygen to the tissues and cells of the body. Iron can interfere with the absorption of levothyroxine, and so people taking thyroid hormone should take their iron supplements two to four hours after they take their thyroid medication.

• Selenium — It plays an important role in converting T4 to T3, and is imperative for optimal immune system health. protect cells from damage. There is some evidence that selenium supplements may reduce the odds of prostate cancer. Selenium does not seem to affect the risk of colorectal or lung cancer.

Healthy people in the US seem to not suffer from selenium deficiencies. Some health problem shave been due to selenium deficiencies. People who are fed intravenously are also at risk for low selenium. Doctors suggest selenium supplements.

Selenium has also been studied for the treatment of dozens of conditions. They range from asthma to arthritis to dandruff to infertility. The results, however, have been inconclusive. The recommended dietary allowance of selenium includes the total amount you should get from foods and from any supplements you take. Most people can get their RDA of selenium from food.

The safe upper limit for selenium is 400 micrograms a day in adults. Anything above that is considered an overdose.

• Iodine — It is quite controversial for thyroid health. It is very important for formation of thyroid hormone. If you suffer from iodine deficiency, you can experience hypothyroidism symptoms. While some claim everyone is iodine deficient and others claim the opposite, it is clear iodine is necessary for thyroid health. There is evidence which shows that taking iodine can benefit people with hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, as well as those that show it can actually cause a hypothyroid or hyperthyroid condition, and can perhaps even lead to autoimmune thyroiditis. You should make sure you are checked to be sure you have adequate iodine levels. If you find you are iodine deficient, it is best to start with small doses and gradually increases. You want to also take magnesium along with antioxidants like selenium and vitamin C.